How EVs Work

 Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that is powered exclusively by electricity stored in its onboard battery pack. BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines (ICEs) for propulsion. They are charged by external electricity sources, typically through various types of charging stations.

PHEV stands for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle. PHEVs have a gas engine and an electric motor (or motors) powered by a battery that can be charged by plugging it in.

Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (PHEVs) reduce total fuel consumption by combining two sources of power: an electric motor (or motors), and a gas engine. Typically, the vehicle runs on electric power first; once battery power is depleted, the vehicle will run on gas power alone until a sufficient battery charge is reached through plugging in the battery to recharge.

A Hybrid vehicle does not plug in to recharge the battery; instead, it continuously recharges the battery via regenerative braking and through operation of the engine.
In addition to regenerative braking and engine function, a Plug-In Hybrid (PHEV) battery can be recharged by plugging it in. A PHEV also has a larger battery capacity than a typical Hybrid vehicle, and can therefore drive zero-emission electric mode for longer before the combustion engine takes over. This results in overall lower tailpipe emissions than a regular Hybrid vehicle.

Regenerative braking collects and stores the kinetic energy used to stop the vehicle, and uses it to both charge the battery and help the gas-powered internal combustion engine to drive the vehicle. Just through normal driving, slowing down, and stopping, you contribute to the battery charge.

A PHEV requires gas to function properly, even when driving with zero-emission all-electric power. You should never drive without gas in the tank of your PHEV.

The total range of a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) depends on the vehicle's battery capacity and fuel tank capacity.

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